What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes people to feel pain in the muscles and soft tissues all over their body. People with fibromyalgia also have many places on their body that hurt a lot when they are touched. No one knows what causes fibromyalgia.


Can fibromyalgia be cured?

In some people, fibromyalgia seems to get better. But in most people it cannot be cured. Even so, people can learn to deal with the condition and lead fairly normal lives. Fibromyalgia does not get worse over time, and it is not life-threatening.


Does fibromyalgia cause symptoms besides muscle pain?

Yes. People with fibromyalgia often say they feel tired all the time and that sleep does not help them feel rested. They can also have:

  • Trouble thinking clearly
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Headaches
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Stomach pain
  • Too many or too few bowel movements (diarrhea or constipation)
  • Pain in the bladder or the need to urinate in a hurry or often
  • Problems with the jaw


Is there a test for fibromyalgia?

No, there is no test. To diagnose it, doctors and nurses have to go by symptoms. First they look for other causes of the symptoms, such as arthritis or a hormone problem.

Doctors might diagnose fibromyalgia if you have pain in many parts of your body and they cannot find another cause. This is more likely if you also have other symptoms that can happen in fibromyalgia, such as trouble sleeping, feeling very tired, and trouble thinking clearly.


How is fibromyalgia treated?

There are medicines and strategies to help with the symptoms of fibromyalgia. But there is no one treatment that works for everyone. You and your health care team will need to work together to find the right mix of treatments for you. In general, treatment can include:

  • Medicines to relieve pain, improve sleep, or improve mood
  • Physical therapy to learn exercises and stretches
  • Relaxation therapy
  • Working with a counselor


To get the best treatment, many people need a team that includes:

  • A doctor
  • A physical therapist
  • Someone trained in mental health (such as a social worker or counselor)


Be open to medicines

Your doctor or nurse might suggest that you take a medicine normally used to treat depression or seizures. If so, be open to trying it. Even if you are not depressed and do not have seizures, these medicines can help. That is because they work on the brain areas that deal with pain.


What can I do on my own?

It is really important that you stay active. Walking, swimming, or biking can all help ease muscle pain. If you have not been active, it might hurt a little more when you start. But being active can help improve your symptoms.

It is also really important that you try not to be too negative about your life. Your outlook has a big effect on how you feel pain. Do your best to be positive.