What is malaise?
Malaise is described as any of the following:
- a feeling of overall weakness
- a feeling of discomfort
- a feeling like you have an illness
- simply not feeling well
It often occurs with fatigue and an inability to restore a feeling of health through proper rest.
Sometimes, malaise happens suddenly. Other times, it may develop gradually and persist for a long period. The reason behind your malaise can be extremely difficult to determine because it can be the result of so many conditions.
However, once your doctor diagnoses the cause of your malaise, treating the condition can help you feel better.
What causes malaise?
There are numerous possible causes of malaise. Any time your body undergoes a disruption, such as an injury, disease, or trauma, you can experience malaise. The causes listed here represent some of the many possibilities.
Try not to jump to conclusions about the cause of your malaise until you’ve seen your doctor.
If you have a musculoskeletal condition, you can often experience a general sense of discomfort and unease. Additionally, malaise is a typical symptom of various forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Acute viral disorders, such as the following, can cause malaise:
- Lyme disease
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a particularly complex disorder that’s characterized by a feeling of overall pain, fatigue, and malaise.
These chronic conditions may cause malaise:
- severe anemia
- congestive heart failure
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- kidney disease
- liver disease
Mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety, can often lead to malaise. However, it’s also possible to begin to feel symptoms of depression and anxiety if you have malaise. It can be difficult to determine if the malaise or depression occurred first.
Other causes of malaise can include:
- parasitic infections
- the flu
- adrenal gland dysfunction
Medications that can also put you at risk for malaise include:
- some medications used to treat high blood pressure and heart disease, specifically beta-blockers
- medications used to treat psychiatric conditions
Some medications may not cause malaise on their own but can lead to malaise when combined with other medications.
Malaise and Fatigue
Fatigue often occurs along with malaise. When experiencing malaise, you will often also feel exhausted or lethargic in addition to a generalized feeling of being unwell.
Like malaise, fatigue has a large number of possible explanations. It can be due to lifestyle factors, illnesses, and certain medications.